Tag Archive | "Students"

Special Education Has Changed Over Time

Special education has been assisting students with learning disabilities in the United States education system since the end of World War II. The first push for special education started when a group of parent-organized advocacy groups surfaced. In 1947 one of the first organizations, the American Association on Mental Deficiency, held its first convention. That marked a starting point for special education as we know it today.

Started during the Civil Rights Movement in the early 1950s, the United Cerebral Palsy Association, the Muscular Dystrophy Association, and John F. Kennedy’s Panel on Mental Retardation were among an increased amount of advocacy groups for assisted learning programs. This strong push helped bring special education into schools across the country in the 1960′s as school access was established for children with disabilities at state and local levels.

The parent advocacy groups dating back to 1947 laid the ground floor for government legislation being approved by Congress in 1975 that was called the “Education for All Handicapped Children Act” (Public Law 94-142). This act went into effect in October of 1977 and it was the beginning for federal funding of special education in schools nationwide. The act required public schools to offer “free appropriate public education” to students with a wide range of disabilities, including “physical handicaps, mental retardation, speech, vision and language problems, emotional and behavioral problems, and other learning disorders.”

The law from 1977 was extended in 1983 to offer parent training and information centers. Later in 1986 the government started programs targeting youngsters with potential learning disabilities. The Act from 1975 was changed to the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Act” (IDEA) in 1990. Since establishment of IDEA more than 6.5 million children and 200,000+ toddlers and infants are being assisted each year.

Special education in schools often unintentionally overlooks a key aspect of why students suffer from learning disabilities. The reasons for common learning disabilities are weak cognitive skills. Studies show that 80% of students enrolled in special education at some level suffer from underlying weak cognitive skills. Cognitive skills are the mental capabilities that one needs to successfully learn academic subjects. In more detail cognitive skills are learning skills used to retain information; process, analyze, and store facts and feelings; and create mental pictures, read words, and understand concepts. They are not to be confused with academic skills which would include subjects like math, science, or history.

Proper testing to identify these weak cognitive skills will help quality learning centers put together a plan of action to strengthen them. This sort of training will last a lifetime. By not targeting the cognitive skills a student will struggle for the rest of their life until they are trained properly. It is highly recommended that you get your child tested at a learning training center that provides cognitive testing. Once tested a personal, unique training program can be developed for your child to overcome their learning disability.

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Seven Tips To Help Be Successful With Math Review

If you’ve had difficulty getting your students actively engaged in reviewing math, here are seven ideas you can immediately put to use in your classroom to inspire success.

1. Partner Up. One way to get students energized to review math is to create math partners that work together to solve what you have assigned them. Careful consideration of behaviors and compatibility must be taken into account so that partners interact effectively. It’s also important to teach how partners should interact with one another, and what they should do if they disagree or come up with different answers.

2. Center Activity. If you have centers in your room, you can make a “Math Review” center where students go and review specific math problems, concepts, or anything else you want them to focus on. Again, make sure students know the procedure of how the center works, and what to do when/if they finish the activity early.

3. Bag of Stuff. Students find a bag of item intriguing. A variety of activities can be developed and placed in a “bag”. You can make it simple using a paper or plastic bag, or get fancy and make/decorate your own. Depending on what standard you are working on, or want to review, can guide your bag activity. For example if you are working with multiplication, you can have colored note cards, one color with the problem, another color with the answer. Students would then have to match each card with the correct answer by solving the problems on paper. Therefore inside this bag you could have small decorative paper, colorful pencils, the note cards, a timer if you want them to work for a specific amount of time, and anything else you think would be relevant or helpful.

4. Create-Your-Own Problems. Have students create their own problems for their partners or tablemates to solve. For instance, if you are working on two digit multiplication, each student would create five/ten problems, then exchange with their neighbor to take turns solving the problem. You can then have them check each others answers. Make it a game too. Whoever gets 5 or 10 right wins.

5. Complete the Problem. You start a problem off and the student completes and solves it. For example -4+___=? or 345X__=? Again, if the student can trade with someone afterwards to check for accuracy then it will focus them even more to work carefully because they will want to get the correct answer.

6. Online Games. If your students have access to computers, laptops, or tablets (ie: ipads), you can literally find thousands of free educational math games that can review any math standard you want. Doing a quick Internet search will list a whole bunch of options. For example, typing “online multiplication games” in Google returns a nice variety of fun, entertaining flash card and alien blasting games that can really get your students excited about reviewing math.

7. Board Games. There are a variety of board games or printed paper games that review any math standard you want. Sometimes your grade level chair/colleagues already have math board games they will probably loan you if you ask (and promise to take care of and return). You can also check with your school’s Title 1 coordinator or the one responsible for ordering/maintaining school supplies/books/equipment.

Hopefully these ideas got your wheels turning about the possibilities for you and your students. Having activities like these breaks the monotony of the traditional teaching method and lets the students have some fun while at the same time review math material. Just don’t forget the importance of explicitly teaching the students how they are to use/play with a certain activity first so there is no confusion for the students.


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Ways to Concentrate On Studying

Studying can be a tedious task for most students, especially if the student has little to no interest in the material at hand. This automatically lowers concentration levels and induces a feeling of helplessness in the individual.

The problem, however, is not as serious as it may sound and I believe a few simple steps can go a long way in helping one foster good relation with their textbooks and develop effective concentration spans.

1. Active Participation: The most important step is to try and become an active reader, by having an inquisitive approach to the study material. This can best be achieved by imagining yourself engaged in a deep conversation with the author. Stop regularly and ask questions. You may even write your questions down and later discuss them with your peers.

Remember, this is the key to not only increasing your concentration span, but also understanding the material in the most effective manner. It will require a little practice at first because it takes time to get comfortable with the idea of having a conversation with the author. However, with a little bit of persistent effort, you will soon be able to effectively concentrate on the most uninspiring and monotonous texts.

2. Avoid Unnecessary Distractions: One of the most common reasons for reduced or irregular concentration periods is the presence of excessive and totally avoidable elements of interference. Hence, the best place to study is the library. Even though some students find the environment extremely dull, a few regular visits can help increase the comfort level.

If, however, you must study in your room, you should make sure that there are no computers, television sets or friends around to disengage you. In case you have to study on the computer, try opening all your work in one go and then disconnect from the Internet. For online study sessions, it is advised to work in the library setting.

3. Organize Yourself: This entails that you make an effective study plan and try to follow it as closely as you can. Review your daily activities and set aside a certain portion of the day, say 1-2 hours, for uninterrupted studying sessions. Moreover, make your surroundings as comfortable as possible. Ensure proper lighting and ventilation is present and you are seated in a comfortable place. Having a neat and tidy room also helps to a great extent.

4. Motivate Yourself: Set up an incentive system for yourself, whereby you can set targets and reward yourself upon their completion. For instance, you may set yourself a goal to study 1 hour, which can then be followed by 15 minutes of gaming on the Play Station or maybe a healthy snack.

5. Stay Healthy: Lastly, make sure that you get ample amount of rest each night, with an average of 8-9 hours of sleep. Moreover, look after your diet and eat well because it will help you stay fit. Also, spare time for fitness activities such as sports, as it will eventually help you concentrate on things in a better fashion.

Concentrating on studying is by no means an impossible task and all it takes is a little bit of determination. Anyone who is committed to following the aforementioned steps is bound to realize a marked difference in their performance within little time.

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Understanding Continuing Education and Training

Continuing education usually refers to any form of post high school education, used to earn additional certification or as a requirement to maintain a professional license. This form of education is entirely meant for individuals who already have degrees.

Continuing education can take the form of online degree or certificate courses, seminars, conferences, workshops or self-guided study. Unlike other types of education, continuing education has no specific format or duration. Some programs may take a day while others span several weeks or months.

Students pursuing continuing education for personal advancement usually do not receive college credits as the courses are not considered part of the formal training. Attending a conference that is open to the public, for example, does not give you any education credits.

Continuing education programs enable people who have already earned a college level degree to pursue additional education or advanced training.

Many careers require individuals to enroll for continuing education from time to time so as to keep up with emerging development in the field. This form of learning is referred to as mandatory continuing education.

Because of the highly competitive job market, professionals whose careers do not require continuing education often undertake it as a means to make themselves more marketable to potential employers.

Thanks to the advancement of the Internet technology, it is possible to complete continuing education online from the comfort of your office or home – providing you have a computer and Internet.

Online continuing education programs are ideal for individuals who need an extremely flexible learning schedule. The main advantage of these online programs is the fact that student’s can access them during their free time  meaning professionals don’t have to give up their full time jobs to pursue higher education.

These programs usually provide the student with all the materials needed to complete a certain course: books, lecture notes etc. The students are supposed to complete the coursework at their own leisure, including sitting for the final exam.

While most online programs are entirely based online, some programs provide a low-residency format where most of the work is completed online, but the students are expected to go to the college for a week or two every semester to get practical experience and network with their faculties and peers.

To complete an online continuing education program, you need to have the necessary motivation to study on your own.

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The Advantages of Online Homeschooling

Over the past decade, online homeschooling has seen a dramatic rise in enrollees. This growth has been due to the nature of information sharing on the internet.  If you research well, you will notice that there is an awesome assortment of online homeschooling lesson plans that you can choose from.

For example, there are some publishers of educational materials that offer distance learning programs on CD-ROM.  Sometimes these discs are accompanied by textbooks.  The parent, acting as a teacher, can be available for the child’s help and guidance.  When the student completes his or her work, he or she can send it in for grading via email or uploading at a website.  An accredited teacher will then grade the materials and keep a record of the student’s progress and achievements.

There are academies, colleges, and universities that also provide opportunities for homeschooling online.  Students can enroll in these types of programs in the same way that one would enroll in a regular school.  The only difference is that all classes are attended online rather than in a classroom.  The syllabus will be provided and homework is completed via emails and chat discussion forums.  There are also seminars that must be accessed each week.

One of the advantages of this type of program is that these schools are accredited and offer the same type of diploma upon graduation that you would receive from a traditional school.  These schools will also provide transcripts, which are very necessary when applying to further one’s education.

Tutoring is another advantage of online homeschooling.  Tutors at these types of schools are certified teachers that have much experience.  Tutors are available for both students and parents to help with schoolwork that may be posing a struggle to either the student or the parents.   One simply signs up for sessions at times that are convenient. This way, whenever help is required, it won’t be a disruption to any lesson or to the student’s environment.

If you feel that you want your child to learn from home but you are concerned that the curriculum may not be well-rounded enough, online homeschooling could be the answer you have been seeking.  There are a vast number of different courses that you can choose from to ensure that your child is obtaining the best education possible.  The only drawback to this type of education is that, because this form of delivery is rather new, not all states may have this as an option.  Those that do may not be funded by the state and therefore will have a tuition that must be paid.

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Creating a Good Study Environment for Students

A good study environment is as important as the studying itself. Imagine if you are a very clean and hygienic person who is made to live in a messy house. The effect is much the same when you sit with your best intentions to study, but you are sitting in a completely wrong place. Sure, you’ve meditated, focused, and given yourself a pep talk, but the moment you sit down to study, the fragrance of the cookies being baked in the kitchen seems to overpower you, or the sounds of the children playing in the park outside thwart your best efforts to resist temptation. Pretty soon, you are as distracted as you could possibly be, and your studying has gone for a toss! Sigh… What goes wrong every time, you wonder, when you are trying your best?!

Well, you are in the wrong place. Where you sit to study matters a lot, when you are planning to get some serious studying done. The logical question that follows then, is how to create a good study environment? So here are a few pointers that will help you in making a good study environment for yourself. Take care of these, and you will find that you are doing better by the day.

Useful Pointers for Creating a Good Study Environment

a Fresh Mind and Positive Attitude
Ahh… Starts off by sounding all preachy, huh? I’ll try not to be. All I will say is that, OK, so you didn’t manage your yesterday’s quota of studying, and are now lagging behind by 2 chapters, or whatever it may be. You are frustrated, pissed off yet again at yourself or whoever, for not managing to stick to your timetable, and have decided that it is not going to work today either. But no! That’s wrong. So wrong. Yesterday is over, done with, gone, and there is no point wallowing in what you did and didn’t do. Forget all about it. Start afresh today, don’t think about the timetable, or let it build pressure on you. Do as much as you can and forget the rest. Once you get in the groove, you’ll pick up speed.

A Quiet Place
Imagine a wedding with lots of noise, or a crowded bus, or an emergency waiting room, and now place yourself bang in the middle of these scenarios with a book and pen. Ridiculous? Exactly. No point studying where you are going to be in the middle of some activity, or lots of noise and chaos, is there? You know as well as I do, that you will definitely not be able to study properly. A quiet place makes for an ideal study environment, so pick a suitably quiet place; not necessarily where you can hear a pin drop, but not where you have people screaming all around you either. At the same time, if too much quietness has you feeling all lonely, then you may try playing some soft music in the background to soothe and calm your nerves, and drown out other small noises that may distract you. A quiet place is very important in order to stay focused while studying.

Cheerful and Breezy
Would you possibly want to add to the gloom of studying, by sitting in a gloomy, suffocating place? Hell, no. As it is, if studying doesn’t inspire much enthusiasm in you, it is a good thing if you help yourself instead of hindering yourself while studying. Choose a cool, airy place, with sufficient ventilation, maybe a little breeze even, to get a smile on your face once in a while. Make the place as cheerful as possible, so that you get past the initial stages of, “This is soo boring, this place sucks, I don’t even feel like studying in this dingy place…”, and so on. Place a small plant somewhere close to your study table to add to the cheer. Eliminate all possible causes of excuses, that you know you tend to make.

Light Bright, and All is Right
No, by this I obviously do not mean string fairy lights in your room, or hang up stunning chandeliers. Just a reasonable amount of lighting that will let you read properly, without putting stress on your eyes, or making them burn and water after a while. Try picking a place by the window during the daytime, and at night, make sure that you have a light that shines brightly on the book that you are reading. This is usually the best study environment. If you have to furrow your brows and hold the book very close to your eyes to try to read something, you need more lighting than you have right now. Unless you like wearing spectacles, you will want to get that extra light.

Comfortable, But Not So Much
What I used to do is, sit on my bed, leaning against the pillows (2 of them!), legs stretched out, and a blanket pulled over them, with the book placed on my thighs! More like preparing for a day of leisure in bed than some serious studying. Clearly, my parents took care of that habit, and showed me the chair. And an excellent thing called a ‘study table’. Didn’t like it much, but I have to admit, I got a lot more studying done, and my episodes of dozing off in the middle of a boring chapter reduced drastically. Get a nice, comfortable chair for yourself that will also help you maintain a good posture. Take it from me, you will surely be studying more than you did initially.

Getting All Your Stuff Together BEFORE You Start
this is essential, very much so. Small things can really stop you from concentrating and building a flow while studying, if, after every 15 minutes or so, you have to get up to get some notes, pencils, snacks, and what not. Plan out your 2 hours, think of all the related material that you may require, and assemble it beforehand. It’s OK if you end up not using a few of the books. The one thing that amazes me is, how the moment you sit down to study, you start to feel hungry. Get a fruit or some light snack that will keep you comfortably full, without being too heavy on your tummy. Do everything possible to avoid distractions or frequent breaks while studying, and it’ll pay off.

Knowing Your Limits and Setting Targets
Just because your friend got more studying done than you did, is a silly reason to get frustrated and stop studying altogether. Conversely, if your friend has completed less than you, do not relax and stop for the day, if you know you can easily do more. Seriously, this is not a competition to see who studies how much in a day. You are you, you are not your friend. He has his limits, and you have yours. Do not set unrealistic expectations for yourself. It’ll only get you down. Stop asking your friend constantly how much they have finished, or telling them how much you have done. It’s not helping anyone. Do what you can, and let others do the same. It’s very annoying when you constantly get texts from friends that go, ” Hw mch dne? M scrwd. Nly 6 chptrs dne so far. :’( U?” Seriously, keep that damn cell phone away! Set daily targets for yourself, that you are comfortable with, and do your best to achieve these targets.

Study Smart Instead of Studying Hard
Reading through the entire text like it’s a storybook, is pointless. Read the important points, highlight important sentences, practice the diagrams and write the explanations for them in your own words instead of trying to learn the answer by rote, word to word from the text. Use techniques like mind mapping, logical linking of points, or short forms like the very simple VIBGYOR, to remember long lists and the like. Put up charts for various formulas, etc. This will increase the speed of your studying, and help you in getting more studying done in less time. Try it.

Studying can become quite bearable, if you do it right. I won’t claim that you’ll enjoy it, but the possibility cannot be denied! Now that you know how to create a good study environment, choose a place that is right for you, a time that suits you, wear comfortable clothes, and tackle those big intimidating blocks of books head on

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Role of Computers in Education

Computers have changed the way we work, be it any profession. Therefore, it is only natural that the role of computers in education has been given a lot of importance in recent years. Computers play a vital role in every field. They aid industrial processes, they find application in medicine; they are the reason why software industries developed and flourished and they play an important role in education. This is also why the education system has made computer education a part of school curriculum. Considering the use of computer technology is almost every sphere of life, it is important for everyone to have at least the basic knowledge of using computers. Let’s look at what role computer technology plays in the education sector.

Computer technology has had a deep impact on the education sector. Thanks to computers, imparting education has become easier and much more interesting than before. Owing to memory capacities of computers, large chunks of data can be stored in them. They enable quick processing of data with very less or no chances of errors in processing. Networked computers aid quick communication and enable web access. Storing documents on computers in the form of soft copies instead of hard ones, helps save paper. The advantages of computers in education primarily include:

  • Storage of information
  • Quick data processing
  • Audio-visual aids in teaching
  • Better presentation of information
  • Access to the Internet
  • Quick communication between students, teachers and parents

Computer teaching plays a key role in the modern education system. Students find it easier to refer to the Internet than searching for information in fat books. The process of learning has gone beyond learning from prescribed textbooks. Internet is a much larger and easier-to-access storehouse of information. When it comes to storing retrieved information, it is easier done on computers than maintaining hand-written notes.

Computers are a brilliant aid in teaching.

Online education has revolutionized the education industry. Computer technology has made the dream of distance learning, a reality. Education is no longer limited to classrooms. It has reached far and wide, thanks to computers. Physically distant locations have come closer due to Internet accessibility. So, even if students and teachers are not in the same premises, they can very well communicate with one another. There are many online educational courses, whereby students are not required to attend classes or be physically present for lectures. They can learn from the comfort of their homes and adjust timings as per their convenience.

Computers have given impetus to distance education.

Computers facilitate effective presentation of information. Presentation software like PowerPoint and animation software like Flash among others can be of great help to teachers while delivering lectures. Computers facilitate audio-visual representation of information, thus making the process of learning interactive and interesting. Computer-aided teaching adds a fun element to education. Teachers hardly use chalk and board today. They bring presentations on a flash drive, plug it in to a computer in the classroom, and the teaching begins. There’s color, there’s sound, there’s movement – the same old information comes forth in a different way and learning becomes fun. The otherwise not-so-interesting lessons become interesting due to audio-visual effects. Due to the visual aid, difficult subjects can be explained in better ways. Things become easier to follow, thanks to the use of computers in education.

Computer software helps better presentation of information.

Internet can play an important role in education. As it is an enormous information base, it can be harnessed for retrieval of information on a variety of subjects. The Internet can be used to refer to information on different subjects. Both teachers and students benefit from the Internet. Teachers can refer to it for additional information and references on the topics to be taught. Students can refer to web sources for additional information on subjects of their interest. The Internet helps teachers set test papers, frame questions for home assignments and decide project topics. And not just academics, teachers can use web sources for ideas on sports competitions, extracurricular activities, picnics, parties and more.

Computers enable access to the Internet which has information on literally everything.

Computers enable storage of data in the electronic format, thereby saving paper. Memory capacities of computer storage devices are in gigabytes. This enables them to store huge chunks of data. Moreover, these devices are compact. They occupy very less space, yet store large amounts of data. Both teachers and students benefit from the use of computer technology. Presentations, notes and test papers can be stored and transferred easily over computer storage devices. Similarly, students can submit homework and assignments as soft copies. The process becomes paperless, thus saving paper. Plus, the electronic format makes data storage more durable. Electronically erasable memory devices can be used repeatedly. They offer robust storage of data and reliable data retrieval.

Computer hard drives and storage devices are an excellent way to store data.

This was about the role of computers in education. But we know, it’s not just the education sector which computers have impacted. They are of great use in every field. Today, a life without computers is unimaginable. This underlines the importance of computer education. Knowledge of computers can propel one’s career in the right direction. Computers are a part of almost every industry today. They are no longer limited any specific field. They are used in networking, for information access and data storage and also in the processing and presentation of information. Computers should be introduced early in education. I don’t think I am making an overstatement in saying that computer education is as fundamental as learning English. Yes, it is.

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Test Preparation

These days, high school students face so much pressure from homework assignments and extracurricular activities that they’re too exhausted to attend SAT prep sessions. The same may go for those planning to take the GRE or a host of other standardized tests required for further study in a field. To address the needs of this audience, renowned test prep centers like Kaplan and the Princeton Review have brought their courses online.

Sessions at an actual test center can cost hundreds of dollars; their online versions are often cheaper even as they guarantee you the same thorough coverage of subject matter and strategies you would receive in the classroom. Although online education does lack the classroom dynamic that many find invigorating, it does sometimes provide videos of instructors as well as live chats that recreate a semblance of the physical experience. One major benefit of the online courses is that students choose when to start and stop the tutorials, rather than burning out after the first hour or two.

Experts recommend taking several practice tests to familiarize yourself with the material and format. Thankfully for the family pocketbook, several sites, including Peterson’s, make free practice tests available. Keep in mind, though, that free courses provide significantly fewer interactive tools and may not explain the answers to questions in as much detail as the paid ones. They do, however, give you a good overview of the test structure and help you decide whether to pay for a more extensive course. Whatever your level of commitment to the test-taking process, you’re bound to find suitable online preparation.

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5 Ways to Encourage Reading

Have you ever had to read a book on a topic that you didn’t care about? We all have. (Think back to those dry history books filled with a series of dates, or overly technical science tomes.) And sometimes that is part of life – at times we have to read, even if we aren’t inspired by the topic.

But boring books don’t inspire our children to read. A case in point: I was talking with the principal of a local school recently. She lamented that the children just didn’t like to read. Many of the kids grumbled when it came time for the required “sustained quiet reading” period each day. I offered to observe and when I did, I saw the children wandering the room, looking at the spines of the books, whispering to friends, sitting on the cushions on the floor in the reading corner. The teacher was grading papers and handing out bathroom passes. There wasn’t a lot of silent reading going on.

I could diagnose part of the problem-the students were bored! And to be honest, the problem wasn’t dry reading material. In fact, they were literally surrounded by interesting books. They just needed to be introduced to books in a positive way.

I found a large nature section in the class library. It gave me an idea. I offered to take over one class session. The principal assigned me the second grade class, which I took on a short walk to a nearby restored prairie. At one point, I had the kids gather ’round as I showed them a gall on a goldenrod plant. I picked a stem and passed it around, and had the kids guess what made that round ball. Answers ranged from: “It’s going to be a flower!” “It has seeds inside!” But they were fascinated to learn that a little goldenrod fly laid its eggs on the plant, the larva emerged and started nibbling on the stem, and the plant formed a gall around the larva, which becomes its protective home for the winter. In the spring, the larva turns into a fly, and emerges through a small hole! And then I let the students know that I found out all of this information in a library book, and I *love* learning new things like this in books.

On the way back to the building, the children were finding more galls and looking closely at other interesting weeds. Now they had questions that they wanted answered! “Where do you think the ant was bringing that piece of food?” “Have you ever seen a spider spin a web before?” “Do you know how to make a cast of an animal track?” “What kind of tree did this leaf come from?”

Back in the classroom, I pulled out an armful of nature books. The kids gathered round. I invited them to each select a book that looked interesting to them. The excitement! Now these books, the same ones that looked so boring a bit ago, held the answers to their questions!

Here are FIVE fresh ideas for encouraging reading:

1. Nature sketchbooks. Ahh freshly sharpened colored pencils and an excursion into the out-of-doors. I recommend the book “Wild Days: Creating Discovery Journals” by Karen Skidmore Radcliffe for inspiration. She has a good chapter on language arts and nature journals. Explore the out of doors, and then come back inside and read up on what you saw.

2. Model the enjoyment of reading. Show kids that there is a wealth of knowledge to be found in books. When you read something interesting, share it with them. As the parent or teacher, demonstrate a love for reading. Let the kids see *you* reading.

3. Read out aloud to your kids, and choose books that are above their reading level (but within their comprehension level). Let them feel the thrill of learning something new.

4. Encourage your child to start a collection of some sort. Some suggestions: a joke collection (read joke books for some great jokes to tell friends), a recipe collection (read the recipe and make a snack or a meal), a marble collection (read up on all the various types of collectible marbles). Who can you share this collection with? Friends, pen pals, and grandma will all appreciate the thought and effort put into a favorite collection.

5. Start a monthly family newsletter or classroom letter. Each person writes an article. Articles could be on topics like watching a butterfly emerge from its cocoon, what we saw on our trip to the mountains, how to” articles, like choosing a new kitten, how to transplant strawberry plants, how to make a habitat for a praying mantis, etc. A trip to the library for a book on the chosen topic helps fill in facts and details.

Finding a topic your student cares about can make reading a natural extension. I hope that with these five ideas you will inspire your student to read. It’s worth developing your child’s interest in reading, because it will provide a benefit to your student in every area of his or her life.

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Study Tips for Exams

So it is exam time once again! How do I know? Well, when there are students searching for study tips, you don’t need an astrologer to tell you, that exams are around the corner! Searching for notes and exam tips when the exams are just a week away, seems to be a worldwide phenomenon! The reason for it is the general phobia of exams. Everyone, whether a kid or an adult, has at least a little bit of tension of exams, and it is just that some show it while others do not. So the most important tip is to relax and not take too much stress. But a little bit of tension is always necessary, as it makes one use study tips for exams and other study material more effectively and with complete concentration. Here are some study tips for high school students as well as study tips for college students.

Study Tips for Exams
it is better to have all the study material available with you before you start reading. This not only includes your texts and notes but also the previous years’ notes and things like a dictionary, geometrical sets and reference books with you. This has two advantages, you do not need to break your concentration by searching for books, it saves time and also retains the mood of studying. Secondly, it gives you a feel of being ‘prepared’ for the exams, as you have all the necessary things and the only thing left, is to start studying! Given below are some more tips on how to study for exams.

Study Beforehand
The most common mistake that students make is, that they start studying a day or two before exams! No portion can be covered, not even halfway, if you study only two days before exams. So what most of the students do, is study only the ‘so-called’ important points. As a result, even if the paper is easy, you get a low score only because you didn’t know the entire syllabus! So start studying at least a month before the exams. If time does not permit you to learn your lessons, at least go through them regularly. This way you will be familiar with the syllabus and won’t find it difficult to understand it at the last minute.

Understand the Lessons
If you have descriptive subjects, do not just mug up the answers. Try to understand and rationalize what you are reading for this is the best method for good recall at the time of exams. The major disadvantage of mugging up is that even if you forget one word of the answer during your examination, you tend to go completely blank. Instead of this, if you understand the chapter well, you can write the answer on your own, any time! For exams like math, practice at least five sums everyday. Math cannot be studied in a day!

Follow Effective Techniques
There are some easy techniques to study well, like read the lesson casually, at least twice. And while reading, mark the important points with a pencil and move on. When you start reading for the second time, read those underlined points first and then the rest of the text. Before going to exams, read only the underlined points. This is one of the last minute study tips for exams. Another handy tip that is useful specially for the lengthy lessons of geography is to make short rhyming words with each initial letter of an important paragraph. For example, for remembering the causes of depletion of ozone layer, if there points like Deforestation, Pollution, Excessive use of Resources, Things like, chlorofluorocarbon etc; so now you only have to remember DEPT (or easier, Johnny Depp!). When you remember DEPT, you will be able to remember the whole answer!

Timetable or Schedule
Make a timetable of which subject is to be done and when, and follow it religiously! This way the work will remain systematic. If you are too lazy to follow any timetables, just study according to priority. You can also start studying for the last paper first, so that when the exams are actually near, you will be doing the study for the first paper.

These were some study tips and techniques for exams. One of the last study tips for exams is to study when you are at your best mentally active state. Some people are comfortable studying in the early mornings and dawn, while some like to study late nights. Find out the time at you are the most fresh and relaxed and choose that time for your studies, as that is the time when you are capable of double the studies, than what you do at other timings.

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